شاخص های خانواده سالم از منظر افراد شاغل: یک مطالعه نظریه زمینه ای

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران. ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی دانشگاه الزهرا (س)

3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه الزهرا (س)،

10.22051/jwfs.2020.31271.2413

چکیده

هدف این مقاله شناسایی شاخص‌های خانواده سالم از منظر افراد شاغل است. از همین رو توجه به استانداردهای فرهنگی و تجربه‌های شخصی و خانوادگی در تعیین شاخص‌های خانواده سالم ضروری به نظر می‌رسد. این مطالعه با استفاده از روش کیفی گراندد تئوری و با استفاده از مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته عمیق در نمونه هدفمند از ۲۸ فرد شاغل متاهل و تحصیل‌کرده (۴ مرد و ۲۴ زن) انجام شده و در نهایت سعی در استخراج شاخص‌های سنجش خانواده سالم دارد. عمده‌ترین شاخص‌های سنجش خانواده‌ی سالم به طور کلی در سه مقوله‌ی اصلی شناسایی شدند. اولین مقوله با عنوان وجود احساس انسجام، یکپارچگی و همراهی با مقوله‌های فرعی همدلی، وجود فضای گفتگوی متقابل، شناخت و رعایت حقوق و مسئولیت‌های متقابل، احترام و محبت متقابل؛ مقوله‌ی دوم با عنوان سالم بودن فضای روانی خانواده با زیرمقوله-های احساس آرامش، شادمانی و دوری از عوامل منفی، سلامت فکری و اعتقادی؛ و مقوله‌ی سوم وجود برخی فضائل اخلاقی در میان اعضای خانواده با زیر مقوله‌های صداقت، گذشت، چشم پوشی از ابعاد اقتصادی است. شاخص های مشترک این مطالعه با مطالعات قبلی وجود همدلی، وجود فضای گفتگوی متقابل، شناخت و رعایت حقوق و مسئولیت‌های متقابل، احترام و محبت متقابل، احساس آرامش، شادمانی و دوری از عوامل منفی، سلامت فکری و اعتقادی، صداقت و گذشت بودند. چشم پوشی از ابعاد اقتصادی شاخصی است که تنها در این مطالعه شناسایی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Healthy Family Indicators from the Perspective of Iranian Working People: A Grounded Theory Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • zohreh khosravi 1
  • Mahsa Mehdizadeh 2
  • Leila Cheragh Molaei 3

1 Professor, psychology, alzahra university, tehran, iran

2 PhD student, Psychology, Faculty of psychology and education, Alzahra university

3 Assistant Professor in Psychology, Psychology, Faculty of psychology and education, Alzahra University

چکیده [English]

The present study was aimed at identifying healthy family indicators from the perspective of working people. Therefore, it seemed necessary to consider cultural standards and personal and family experiences in determining healthy family indicators. A qualitative method based on the grounded theory was used, and the data were gathered using in-depth semi-structured interviews. The sample included 18 married and educated, working people (4 men and 14 women) who were selected using a purposeful sampling method. Major healthy family indicators were classified into three categories. The first category, called “Feeling of integration and companionship,” included the following subcategories: Empathy, Space for communication, Recognition and respect for mutual rights and obligations, and Mutual respect and love. The second category, called “Healthy psychological environment,” included the following subcategories: Sense of peace, Happiness and staying away from negative factors, and Healthy thoughts and beliefs. The third category, called “Presence of some virtues in the family members,” included the following subcategories: Honesty, Forgiveness, and Overlooking financial aspects. Nine of the indicators found in this study were similar to those found in the previous studies, including Empathy, Space for communication, Recognition and respect for mutual rights and obligations, Mutual respect and love, Sense of peace, Happiness and staying away from negative factors, Healthy thoughts and beliefs, Honesty, and Forgiveness. Overlooking financial issues was a new indicator only identified in the present study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Healthy family
  • Grounded Theory
  • Healthy family indicators
  • Iranian Working People
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