مطالعه نحوه مقابله زنان با چالش‌های مرحله زوجی بر اساس سبک هویتی آنان

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی اصیل

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره مدرسه، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

10.22051/jwfs.2020.31075.2400

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مطالعه شیوه‌های مقابله زنان با چالش‌های مرحله زوجی بر اساس سبک هویتی آن‌ها صورت گرفت. روش تحقیق کیفی و از نوع پدیدارشناسی بود. جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از طریق مصاحبه عمیق نیمه‌ساختار‌یافته انجام گرفت. جامعه شامل زنان متاهلی بود که حداقل پنج سال از ازدواجشان گذشته باشد. نمونه‌گیری به صورت هدفمند انجام گرفت و مصاحبه‌ها تا اشباع داده‌ها ادامه یافت. پیش از شروع مصاحبه، پرسشنامه سبک‌های هویتی برزونسکی(ISI-6G) به مشارکت‌کنندگان داده شد و نمرات آن‌ها در سه سبک هویتی، مشخص گردید. تعداد مشارکت‌کنندگان 13 نفر بود. روش تجزیه و‌ تحلیل اطلاعات روش هفت مرحله‌ای کلایزی بود. با پرسش از شیوه‌های مقابله با چالش مشارکت‌کنندگان، مضامین مهم استخراج و کدگذاری شد. مضامین اصلی شیوه‌های مقابله با چالش برای زنان دارای سبک هویت اطلاعاتی، «گفتگو»، «حل و فصل مشکلات در داخل مرز زوجین»، «تطبیق خود با شرایط واقعی»، «انعطاف‌پذیری در حل مشکلات» و «هشیاری وجودی» بود. مضامین اصلی شیوه‌های حل چالش در زنان دارای سبک هویت هنجاری، «تکیه بر سرمایه اجتماعی»، «پیروی از الگوهای از پیش‌نوشته»، «تغییرات تدریجی» و «گفتگوی مستقیم از طریق ارسال پیام» بود. مضامین اصلی شیوه‌های مقابله با چالش برای زنان دارای سبک هویت سردرگم نیز «راه‌حل‌های انفعالی»، «راه‌حل‌آمرانه» و «احساس درماندگی در حل چالش» بود. با توجه به مضامین به دست آمده در مورد شیوه‌های مقابله با چالش زنان بر اساس سبک هویتی، مشاوران میتوانند در مشاوره پیش از ازدواج و آموزشهای آمادگی قبل از ازدواج از یافتههای این پژوهش بهره گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying coping styles of women with the challenges of the marriage stage based on their identity style

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shokraneh Rahbari 1
  • Motahareh Vakili 2
  • Asieh shariatmadar 3

1 MSc of Family Counselling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

2 MSc of School Counselling, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 counseling department,, faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study the methods of women's coping with the challenges of the marriage stage based on their identity style. The research method was qualitative and phenomenological. Data were collected through a semi-structured in-depth interview. The studied society included married women who had been married for at least five years. Sampling was performed purposefully and interviews continued until data saturation. Before the interview, participants were given Berzonsky's Identity Style Inventory (ISI-6G) and their scores were calculated in three identity styles. The number of participants was 13. The method of data analysis was Colaizzi's seven-step method. By asking questions about how participants cope with challenges, important themes were extracted and coded. The main themes of coping strategy with the challenges for women with an informational identity style were: "dialogue", "problem-solving within the couple's boundaries", "adapting to real conditions", "flexibility in solving problems" and "existential awareness". The main themes of coping strategy with the challenges for women with normative identity style were: "relying on social capital", "following pre-written patterns", "gradual changing" and "direct dialogue through sending the message". The main themes of coping strategy with the challenges for women with diffuse-avoidant style were: "passive solutions", "authoritative solution" and “the inability feeling in solving challenges". According to the obtained themes on how to cope with women's challenges based on identity style, counselors can use the findings of this study in pre-marriage counseling and preparation training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • coping style
  • challenge
  • identity style
  • Marriage
  • transition stages
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